In industrial action, the oil is used as anti-inflammatory, stomachic, antipyretic, hypotensive, antirheumatic, hemostatic, antiseptic, expectorant, antispasmodic, digestive, astringent, cicatrisant, carminative, digestive, diaphoretic, and tonic.
In aromatherapy, it is used to promote hair growth, treat acne, rashes, scars, cuts, eczema, wounds, and varicose veins. It is also used in regulating high blood pressure, treating thrombosis, rheumatoid arthritis, arteriosclerosis, constipation, flatulence, cramp, hemorrhoids, amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, cystitis, ‘flu, colds, fever, insomnia, hypertension, and stress-related conditions.
The oil is sometimes used in pharmaceuticals for bath preparations to treat skin conditions. Its use is restricted in perfumes and aftershaves and is used as a flavoring ingredient in bitters and vermouths.