Labdanum gum, also known as gum ladanum, is a resinous substance extracted from the shrubs of the Cistus ladanifer plant. It has a long history of use in traditional medicine, perfumery, and incense-making. In recent years, labdanum gum has gained popularity in the cosmetics and aromatherapy industries due to its therapeutic properties and unique aroma.
Synonyms: Gum ladanum, Cistus gum, Rockrose resin, Jara resin.
Botanical Names: Cistus ladanifer.
Part of the plant used: Labdanum gum is extracted from the leaves and stems of the Cistus ladanifer plant.
Chemical composition: The chemical composition of labdanum gum varies depending on the location of the plant, the time of harvest, and the extraction method used. However, it generally contains a complex mixture of resin acids, essential oils, and other aromatic compounds. The main components of labdanum gum are labdane-type diterpenes, such as cistus ladaniferol, and phenolic compounds, such as catechins and flavonoids.
Growing locations: The Cistus ladanifer plant is native to the Mediterranean region and can be found in countries such as Spain, Portugal, Morocco, and Algeria. It prefers dry, rocky soils and is often found growing in mountainous areas.